The Evolution of Teen Dating Violence Research: Understanding the Complexity of Gender Roles
February is Teen Dating Violence Awareness Month. Research in Action is proud to present a two-part blog post from Violence Prevention Initiative Fellow Christine Forke Young on this important youth violence prevention topic. The first blog discussed how teen dating violence research, advocacy violemce policy have interacted to promote change.
In recent years, Teen Dating Violence TDV research has expanded rolez diversified, particularly around gender differences. As research has progressed, our ability to compare victimization and perpetration rates across genders for various forms of violence gender roles and dating violence been enhanced. While it is now clear that TDV is common among female and male adolescents, intricacies around male and female involvement with TDV continue to be studied.
At the outset of this work, males and females were often studied separately, where female-focused studies explored victimization and male-focused studies examined perpetration. This made it difficult to conduct gender comparisons. It was rare to find studies exploring male victims or female perpetrators. During the past decade or so, the scientific community has made significant progress.
Now, it is common for investigators to explore both victimization and perpetration of various forms of violence simultaneously for and women within the same study sample. As a result, gender comparisons are possible, and there are now a host of studies demonstrating male victimization and female perpetration among adolescents.
In a prior studymy colleagues and I surveyed male and female undergraduates enrolled at three Philadelphia-area colleges. Although rates vary depending on the timeframe measured, gender differences are consistent in the types of victimization and perpetration experienced. Females typically report higher rates of sexual victimization than males, but similar rates of physical and emotional victimization. Males often report higher rates of sexual perpetration than females, gendeg females report higher rates of physical and emotional perpetration.
In addition, it is common for perpetration to be mutually-occurring in adolescent relationships. Although adolescent males and females perpetrate physical violence cating similar rates, some studies have found that female victims have a higher level of fearfulness. Other studies find that females may have higher severity of injury, presumably related to physical differences in size and strength. Interestingly, it is easy to identify studies with contrasting findings.
One of the classic issues with comparing results across studies in this field has been that each explores different timeframes, uses different definitions, or measures different types of violence. Another challenge is that much of the progress on TDV has grown out of the work on adult intimate partner violence IPV. However, there are contextual factors that are unique to adolescent relationships that are complex and not yet fully understood, but that can affect our interpretation of the findings:.
To violecne with identifying some of these underlying nuances that differ between IPV and TDV, using qualitative or mixed-methods approaches has become increasingly more common. A current movement is underway to better understand how measurement techniques impact reported rates of TDV. As our thinking about contextual factors and methodological approaches to TDV continue to evolve, it is only a matter of time until we begin to gain more clarity.
Just as our thinking has moved away from stereotypical gender roles and dating violence of female victims and male perpetrators, our future path should be equally open-minded as we design our studies in order to disentangle the intricacies connecting gender and TDV in a meaningful way. For information on how to prevent Teen Dating Violence, click here. View the discussion thread.
Subscribe to Our Blog. Skip to main content. Research Institute at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia. Center for Injury Research and Prevention. Understanding rolles Complexity of Gender Roles. Christine Forke Young, MSN, CRNP. The Evolution of Teen Dating Violence Research: Understanding the Complexity of Gender Roles February 29, Moderator Note: Progression of Research At the outset of this work, males and gender roles and dating violence were often studied separately, where female-focused studies explored victimization and male-focused studies examined perpetration.